Dignosing Bladder Stones
Hi I'm Dr. Mary Stauder at Manchester West Veterinary Hospital.
Today I’d like to talk to you about bladder stones. Bladder stones are minerals that have collected in your dog or cats bladder creating a literal stone. Stones can come in a number of different sizes and shapes and can cause severe inflammation of the bladder. These are some stones that we have taken out of a patient. They can occur as single or multiple stones.
The clinical signs associated with bladder stones usually present as frequent urinations, repeated bladder infections, and blood in the urine. Bladder stones in our feline patients can cause a urinary blockage in which the cat becomes suddenly very sick and unable to urinate. You may see them straining in the box and/or crying. This is a true emergency and we recommend that you call your veterinarian immediately!
Stones most often have to be surgically removed as, depending on their size, they are not easily passed. We can then analyze the stone, determine what it’s made of and then recommend a prescription food designed specifically to help prevent future stones from reoccurring. There are some types of stones in which a diet may not help to dissolve.
We can diagnose stones by radiographs. [pointing at radiographs on viewer] As you can see here, we have a patient laying on its side with its heart, liver and the stones in its bladder. Again a pretty bad case of multiple stones. Stones can be quite insidious. We may not know they exist until the pet starts passing blood. Stones will slowly build and the pet can tolerate them until they get to this point. If your pet has problems in this area, we recommend scheduling a vet appointment for a urinalysis exam and x-rays.
I'm Dr. Mary Stauder at Manchester West Veterinary Hospital and I hope this has helped.